Cara Wall-Scheffler


Associate Professor of Biology
B.A., Seattle Pacific University, 2000
M.Phil., University of Cambridge, 2001
Ph.D., University of Cambridge, 2005

Office: Eaton 107

Cara Wall-Scheffler’s research focuses on the evolution of human sexual dimorphism, particularly in the context of balancing the pressures of thermoregulation and long-distance locomotion. She has been working on this problem for over 10 years and has published numerous papers along with her students.

Her work shows very clearly that different selection pressures have acted on men and women, and that women in particular have a rare (among mammals) ability to work both efficiently (energy per unit mass) and economically (total energy) when carrying loads. Women’s abilities are due in part to their relatively small body size, relatively high surface area, relatively broader pelves, and unique methods of thermoregulating.

In addition to her research, Dr. Wall-Scheffler teaches courses in human physiology and evolutionary mechanisms, both on campus and on the Blakely Island Field Station.

Selected Publications

Wall-Scheffler, C.M. (in press). “The balance between burden carrying, variable terrain and thermoregulatory pressures in assessing morphological variation.” In K. Carlson & D. Marchi (Eds), The Influence of Environmental Factors on Mobility-Morphology-Behaviour Relationships. Springer Life Sciences.

Please see Dr. Wall-Scheffler’s CV (PDF) for additional publications.