GRK 1103/THEO 6103

Instructor:  Dr. Owen Ewald

Office:  Marston 219

Office Hours:  M 2-2:50, T 2-3, and by appointment


Telephone:  281-2070

Location of Class:  Demaray 255

Class Time:  MWF 3:00-4:20 pm

Syllabus: Blackboard and


University and Department Goals:

  • We seek to graduate people of competence & character.
  • We seek to become people of wisdom.
  • We seek to model a grace-filled community.
  • To understand and appreciate the rich diversity of world languages and cultures, both ancient and modern.


Goal:  To begin learning to read New Testament Greek.

Objectives:  to learn:

  • grammar and the structure of the language
  • basic vocabulary for New Testament Greek
  • the art (not science!!!) of translation from and into Greek
  • how to use knowledge of NT Greek to read the Septuagint
  • the differences between New Testament Greek and other dialects
  • the material in Elements of New Testament Greek, Chapters 17-20
  • read an entire letter of Paul in Greek, Galatians
  • how to prepare an assigned passage for presentation and exegesis


Required Book:  Duff, J.  The Elements of New Testament Greek.  3rd Edition ONLY (EARLIER EDITIONS NOT ACCEPTABLE) ISBN: 0-521-75551-4

GRK 1101 (Fall 2015, 5 credits); THEO 6101 (Fall 2015, 3 credits):  Duff, Chapters 1-8

GRK 1102 (Winter 2016, 5 credits); THEO 6102 (Winter 2016, 3 credits):  Duff, Chapters 9-16

GRK 1103 (Spring 2016, 5 credits, fulfills language requrirement); THEO 6103 (Spring 2016, 3 credits):    Duff, Chapters 17-20 + Galatians

For undergraduates:  GRK 4920 (Fall 2016, independent study, 1-5 credits):  content varies based on student interest.  For graduates:  THEO 6210, Readings in Scripture-Greek, readings vary, instructor will be Dr. Lemcio.


Requirements for this class:

Homework:  regular assignments until presentations begin, 20% of grade, late homework accepted up to 8 days late

Exegesis presentation:  All students:  in-class presentation of at least 20 mintues, outlining translation and interpretive issues on your assigned passage of Galatians, followed by questions and discussion, 20% of grade

Exegesis paper on assigned passage of Galatians:  due by 3 pm, Friday, June 10th (Ivy Cutting Day), 20% of grade; Undergraduate:  3000 words; Graduate:  6000 words; for all students:  minimum six secondary sources and at least two commentators, one pre-1500 and one post-1500.  To receive credit for the final draft, you must turn in the receipt from your Banner Course Evaluation for this course.

Midterm on last bits of grammar:  20% of grade

Final Exam on Galatians:  20% of grade


Course Evaluation:  It is my expectation that you will participate in an online evaluation of this course and its instructor in a thoughtful and constructive manner.  The evaluation data is used to make improvements in the course, and your feedback is considered when selecting textbooks, designing teaching methods and preparing assignments.  Courses are evaluated using the Banner Course Evaluation System.  All answers are completely confidential - your name is not stored with your answers in any way. In addition, your instructor will not see any results of the evaluation until after final grades are submitted to the University.


Academic Integrity:  The current edition of the SPU Undergraduate Catalog describes the University’s commitment to academic integrity, which is breached by academic dishonesty of various kinds. Among these is turning in another’s work as your own and committing plagiarism, which is the copying of portions of another’s words from a published or electronic source without acknowledgement of that source. The penalty for a breach of academic integrity is a failing grade for the work in question on the first offense and a failing grade for the course as a whole with repeated offenses.  You will be reported to the AVPAA’s office.
Disability statement: In accordance with Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 and the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, students with specific disabilities that qualify for academic accommodations should contact Disabled Student Services (DSS) in the Center for Learning. DSS in turn will send a Disability Verification Letter to the course instructor indicating what accommodations have been approved.


Emergency procedure: Note the emergency procedures posted in the classroom, and note the emergency exits. In case of an emergency (fire, earthquake, hazardous material spillage, bomb threat, etc.), the class will evacuate the building and gather at the closed road between Demaray and Marston.  If this area is unavailable, gather at the Nickerson Parking Lot behind Emerson Hall and McKenna Hall.  Also, the amber digital clock will provide emergency alert information as it becomes available.  Please try to stay together so that we can check that everyone has made it safely out of the building.


Inclement Weather: The University maintains an Emergency Closure Hotline (206-281-2800). In the event of inclement weather or an emergency that might close the university, please call the Hotline for the most up-to-date closure information or check the SPU website. Both will be updated before 6:00 a.m. Information on evening classes, events, and athletic games will also be updated.


School of Theology guidelines:


  1. University Mission Statement: Seattle Pacific University seeks to be a premier Christian university fully committed to engaging the culture and changing the world by graduating people of competence and character, becoming people of wisdom, and modeling grace-filled community.


  1. School of Theology Mission Statement: The School of Theology at Seattle Pacific University aspires to embody God’s diverse kingdom, equipping the people of God to be transformative agents in the world through the gospel of Jesus Christ and the power of the Holy Spirit.


  1. School of Theology Student Learning Goals:
Student Learning Outcomes Objectives: Academy, Abbey, Apostolate
LO 2.  Students will interpret and respond to the Christian Scriptures. i.      Students will interpret the Bible as Christian Scripture, attending to the historical context, literary features and religious message of each book, and to the overarching unity of its witness to God.
ii.     Students will meditate on the Bible as Christian Scripture, attending to its divine authority for their life and vocation.
iii.    Students will apply the Bible as Christian Scripture, attending to its practical relevance to the people and contexts of our world today.
LO 6f. Students will practice the professional skills suitable to their vocation


i.      Students will speak, write and teach effectively.

ii.     Students will be equipped for doctoral study in the theological interpretation of Christian Scripture… or …

iii.    Students will be equipped for the teaching of Christian Scripture in a local congregation or Christian school.


  1. Academic Integrity Policy: SPS students are expected to follow the SPU Academic Integrity Policy, as stated in the current Graduate Catalog. Guidelines for handling any cases of suspected infractions are stated in the same place.


  1. Style GuideThe official SPU School of Theology style guide is:


  1. Information Ethics: The Computer and Information Systems website includes a Computer Acceptable Use Policy, which provides guidelines for the appropriate use of instructional technology, digital media and the Internet. The SPU Library website includes an online video tutorial on Information Ethics, which offers guidance on “how to use various types of information appropriately for papers or projects.” [For guidance on how to cite such resources, please see the SBL Handbook of Style.] Students are expected to heed these guidelines, and faculty are expected to penalize infractions for the same reason, and with the same severity, as they would penalize other infractions of the University’s Academic Integrity Policy (see above).


  1. School of Theology Inclusive Language Policy: The Christian gospel aims to provide a clear witness to the revelation of God through Jesus Christ. For this reason, the words we choose are influential and significant. Because language related to race, gender, class, and nationality has a particular power to liberate or to marginalize other human beings, our words ought to exhibit the sort of grace-filled sensitivity to human dignity that is part and parcel of the Christian gospel (James 3:1-18). In particular, the School of Theology at Seattle Pacific University believes that language about God and people should mirror these biblical truths: that God created both male and female in God’s image (Genesis 1:27); that God formed male and female into a working partnership to steward all of God’s creation (Genesis 1:28); and that God loves every one equally without respect to race, gender, class, or nationality; yet all are equally in need of God’s forgiveness and equally transformed by God’s grace into new creatures because of Jesus Christ (1 Timothy 2:3-6). The use of nondiscriminatory language substantiates these truths and fosters a community where “there is neither Jew nor Greek, slave nor free, male nor female, for all are one in Christ Jesus” (Galatians 3:28). The social practices of Seattle Pacific University’s Methodist heritage exemplify these biblical truths. Rooted deeply within Methodism is the active participation in the lifting of oppression in any form so as to extend and implement the freedom of the gospel to all whom God has created and seeks to redeem. The record of Wesleyans on behalf of those on the margins is impressive and honorable and should be furthered by the modern offspring of Wesley in word and deed. Therefore, it is the policy of the School of Theology at Seattle Pacific University to use nondiscriminatory language in our syllabi, publications, and communications. (The grammatical particulars about nondiscriminatory language are spelled out in The Everyday Writer.) Moreover, when writing and speaking about God, the School of Theology encourages the use of a wide variety of images found in Scripture and the Christian tradition, such as rock, sovereign, light, mother eagle, shepherd, creator, father, and so on. By drawing on the richness of these biblical images, we position ourselves to deepen our understanding of God’s manifold attributes more fully and to help form God’s multiform people into a more inclusive community. Nevertheless, Greek divides nouns into grammatical genders that are mostly unchangeable:  a sheep or lamb is neuter, the truth is feminine, and bread is masculine.


  1. Attendance Policy for Graduate Classes: Preparation for class, faithful and punctual attendance at class, and active participation in class are integral elements of education at SPS, and accordingly are mandatory. Students may not miss more than two sessions for a once-a-week quarter course, four sessions for a quarter course that meets three times a week, or one class session for a one-week intensive course without penalty on their final grade, unless valid, documented excuses are presented to the professor within two business days of missed session Appropriate penalties will be assessed by the professor, and normally explained in the course syllabus. Advance notice to the professor is considered a professional courtesy, and should be given whenever possible. Valid excuses for missing class include are restricted to illness and other personal or family emergencies. Absences and tardiness due to church-related activities (e.g., mission trips, conferences, weddings, funerals, mid-week services, committee meetings, adult education classes or prayer groups), work-related activities (e.g., special meetings, overtime hours or emergency fill-ins for other employees) or non-emergency activities with family or friends (e.g., weddings or vacations) are not excused, nor should faculty be expected to penalize themselves for unexcused student absences by assigning make-up work that they would then have to grade.


  1. Policy for Students with Disabilities: If you have a specific disability that qualifies you for academic accommo­dations, please contact Disability Support Services to make your accommo­dations request. Once your eligibility has been determined, DSS will send a letter to your professors indicating what accommodations have been approved.


  1. Inclement Weather School Closure Policy:
  • Full Closure: All classes are canceled and all offices are closed. The Library, Campus Dining Services and the Student Union Building will be operational on a limited schedule.
  • Late Start: Indicates that classes begin at 9:30 a.m. and offices open at 9:30 a.m. Classes beginning at 8:00 a.m. and 8:30 a.m. are canceled. All other classes will operate as scheduled. Chapel will be held if planned.
  • For Evening Classes and Events: Allowing for weather changes during the day, a decision will be made by 2:00 p.m. for evening classes and events. Call the Emergency Closure Hotline for the updated information.
  • The Emergency Closure Hotline (206) 281-2800 always provides current and complete information.


  1. Reports of Threats, Crimes and Sexual Misconduct: Seattle Pacific University is committed to providing a safe learning and working environment on campus. As part of this, university employees are generally required to report information they receive about threats, crimes, and sexual misconduct involving students to the Office of Safety and Security or the university’s Title IX Coordinator. Information that must be reported includes both verbal and written statements (e.g., spoken in class or submitted in a written assignment), whether by a victim or by a third-party.  Types of incidents that must be reported include physical assault (including domestic or dating violence), sex offenses (e.g., rape, sexual assault, sexual harassment), stalking, robbery, burglary, motor vehicle theft, arson, hate crimes, and arrests for weapon, drug, or liquor law violations. If you are a victim of any of the offenses listed above, you are strongly encouraged to report the matter promptly to a professor, the Office of Safety and Security, or the university’s Title IX Coordinator so that the university can offer you support and notify you of available resources.  If you are a victim and would like to speak with someone confidentially, you can arrange to speak with a counselor at the Student Counseling Center or you can make an appointment outside of class with a pastoral counselor.


  1. SPU Emergency Response Information:
  • Report an Emergency or Suspicious Activity: Call the Office of Safety & Security (OSS) at 206-281-2922 to report an emergency or suspicious activity. SPU Security Officers are trained first responders and will immediately be dispatched to your location. If needed, the OSS Dispatcher will contact local fire/police with the exact address of the location of the emergency.
  • Lockdown / Shelter in Place – General Guidance: The University will lock down in response to threats of violence such as a bank robbery or armed intruder on campus. You can assume that all remaining classes and events will be temporarily suspended until the incident is over. Lockdown notifications are sent using the SPU-Alert System as text messages (to people who have provided their cell phone numbers as described below), emails, announcements by Building Emergency Coordinators (BECs), announcements over the outdoor public address system, and electronic reader board messages.
    • If you are in a building at the time of a lockdown:
      • Stay inside unless the building you are in is affected. If it is affected, you should evacuate.
      • Move to a securable area (such as an office or classroom) and lock the doors.
      • Close the window coverings then move away from the windows and get low on the floor.
      • Remain in your secure area until further direction or the all clear is given (this notification will be sent via the SPU-Alert System).
    • If you are unable to enter a building because of a lockdown:
      • Leave the area and seek safe shelter off campus. Remaining in the area of the threat may expose you to further danger.
      • Return to campus after the all clear is given (this notification will be sent via the SPU-Alert System)
    • Evacuation – General Guidance: Students should evacuate the building if the fire alarm sounds or if a faculty member, a staff member, or the SPU-Alert System instructs building occupants to evacuate. In the event of an evacuation, gather your personal belongings quickly and proceed to the nearest exit. Most classrooms contain a wall plaque or poster on or next to the classroom door showing the evacuation route and the assembly site for the building. Do not use the elevator.  Once you have evacuated the building, proceed to the nearest evacuation location. The primary evacuation location for classes in Demaray Hall is the Fifth Avenue Streetscape—go down the steps, out the door and head toward Marston Hall, where we had class last quarter, until you get to the pseudo-street running between Marston and the Library. The secondary location is the Nickerson Parking Lot—go down the steps, out the door, and head towards the canal.  Then go between Emerson and McKenna, and you are there. Check in with your instructor or a BEC (they will be easily recognizable by their bright orange vests). During emergencies, give the BEC your full cooperation whenever they issue directions. They will be the first line of contact during an actual emergency and cooperation with them should be immediate and complete. For details on evacuation procedures, see the Stop Think Act booklet, which is attached to the classroom podium and found online at Evacuation locations are listed on p. 14.
    • SPU-Alert System: The SPU-Alert System provides free notification by email and text message during an emergency. Text messaging has proven to be the quickest way to receive an alert about a campus emergency. To receive a text message, update your information through the Banner Information System on the web, Select the Personal Menu then choose the Emergency Alert System. Contact the CIS Help Desk if you have questions concerning entering your personal contact information into the Banner Information System.
    • Additional Information: Additional information about emergency preparedness can be found on the SPU web page at or by calling the Office of Safety & Security at 206-281-2922.


  1. Credit hour estimate: 9 homework assignments at 2 hours each = 18 hours; 20-minute presentation = 20 hours; Exegesis paper of 6000 words/21 pages = 80 hours; preparation of 15 Galatians passages at 1 hour each = 15 hours; 2 exams, 10 hours of study time each; total = 153 hours


Additional resources:

Textbook Website:

Open-source textbook:

Web site with Ancient Greek texts, including the New Testament:

Septuagint at

Note that graduate students have an extra section of homework marked “graduate” on the worksheets.


The homework (Hmk #1, etc.) will consist of my own worksheets available on Blackboard; Note that graduate students have an extra section of homework marked “graduate” on the worksheets.  Extra practice can be found in the textbook, and answers for all but the B and C sections are in the back of the book.



Monday Wednesday Friday
Week 1 Mar 30 Chapter 17; Review & draw Galatians passages Apr 1 Hmk #1 Review:  How do I find secondary sources?  ATLA, TOCS-IN, JSTOR
Week 2 Apr 4 Hmk #2; Chapter 18 Apr 6 Hmk #3; Review:  Using Apparatus Criticus Apr 8 Hmk #4; Chapter 19
Week 3 Apr 11 Hmk #5; Review:  Using Apparatus Fontium Apr 13 Hmk #6; Apr 15 Chapter 20 (no homework)
Week 4 Apr 18 Hmk #7 Review:  Lexica & Dictionaries Apr 20 Hmk #8 due Apr 22; Hmk #9 REVIEW
Week 5 Apr 25 MIDTERM Apr 27 Gal 1:1-9 oral presentations begin Apr 29 Gal 1:10-17
Week 6 May 2 Gal 1:18-2:4 May 4 Gal 2:5-13 May 6 Gal 2:14-21
Week 7 May 9 Gal 3:1-10 May 11 Gal 3:11-20 May 13 Gal 3:21-29
Week 8 May 16 Gal 4:1-10 May 18 Gal 4:11-20 May 20 Gal 4:21-31
Week 9 May 23 Gal 5:1-12 May 25 Gal 5:13-26 May 27 Gal 6:1-10
Week 10 May 30 MEMORIAL DAY June 1 Gal 6:11-18 June 3 REVIEW
FINAL EXAM on Thursday, June 9th in our usual room, DH 255 1-3 pm Paper due Friday, June 10th by 3 pm, e-mail okay; Grades due June 20th