GRK 1101/THEO 6101


Instructor:  Dr. O. Ewald Office:  Marston 219 Office Hours:  M 12:30-1:20, Tu 3-4
E-mail: Telephone:  (206) 281-2070 Location of Class:  Bertona 2
MWF 1:30-2:50 pm Website: see Canvas or http://


University and Department Goals:

  • We seek to graduate people of competence & character.
  • We seek to become people of wisdom.
  • We seek to model a grace-filled community.
  • To reach or exceed stated levels of language proficiency, as defined by national standards


Goals (long-term)

  • To learn to read New Testament Greek.
  • Students will interpret the Bible as Christian Scripture while they are attending to the historical context, literary features and religious message of each book, and to the overarching unity of its witness to God.
  • Students will meditate on the Bible as Christian Scripture while they attending to its divine authority for their life and vocation.
  • Students will apply the Bible as Christian Scripture while they are attending to its practical relevance to the people and contexts of our world today.
  • Students will speak, write and teach effectively.
  • Students will be equipped for doctoral study in the theological interpretation of Christian Scripture, and students will be equipped for the teaching of Christian Scripture in a local congregation or Christian school.

Objectives (short-term)

  • the alphabet and pronunciation
  • endings for nouns and verbs
  • how Greek sentences are organized
  • basic vocabulary for New Testament Greek
  • the art (not science!!!) of translation from and into Greek
  • how to use knowledge of NT Greek to read the Septuagint
  • the differences between New Testament Greek and other dialects
  • the material in McLean, New Testament Greek, chapters 1-10


Required Book:  McLean, B.H.  New Testament Greek:  An Introduction.  Cambridge, 2011.  ISBN 978-0-521-17702-3

Also Required:  Homework sheets available on Canvas

GRK 1101 (Fall 2017, 5 credits); THEO 6101 (Fall 2017, 3 credits):  McLean, chapters 1-10

GRK 1102 (Winter 2018, 5 credits); THEO 6102 (Winter 2018, 3 credits):  McLean, chapters 11-19

GRK 1103 (Spring 2018, 5 credits, fulfills language requirement if a C or better is earned); THEO 6103 (Spring 2018, 3 credits):    McLean, chapters 20-24 + Galatians

GRK 4920 (Fall 2018, independent study, 1-3 credits):  study of real Greek text along with grammar review in preparation for further reading


Requirements for this class:

Online Quizzes:  due by 1 pm before almost every class, 5% of grade; no extensions, ever.

Participation:  10% (not just attendance, but being mentally as well as physically present, pulling your weight in group work, not derping around on your phone during class, being a good community member, etc.)

Homework from Canvas:  due (almost) every class, 25% of grade; homework accepted up to eight days late (e.g. Hmk #2 will be accepted up through October 6th)

Midterm:  20% of grade, noted on syllabus

Final Exam:  20% of grade, noted on syllabus

Exegesis Paper:  total 20% of grade:  undergraduates:  final draft paper of 2000 words; graduates:  final draft paper of 4000 words.  Pick a passage of sufficient length from the New Testament or Septuagint and discuss an interpretive difficulty in the passage with the help of secondary literature and scholarly tools.  Rough draft due Nov. 22nd  (Wed. before Thanksgiving), Final Draft due Dec. 8th (Friday after finals).  To receive credit for the final draft, you must turn in the receipt from your Banner Course Evaluation for this course.  The Rough Draft will get real feedback, but the Final Draft, only a rubric.

Extra Credit: (3%)  summary and critique of any on-campus speaker of at least 500 words.  Suggestions:  any session from the Day of Common Learning (see calendar)

Style GuideThe official SPU School of Theology style guide is:

  • Billie Jean Collins, Bob Buller, and John F. Kutsko, eds., The SBL Handbook of Style: For Biblical Studies and Related Disciplines, 2nd ed. (Atlanta: SBL Press, 2014), REF PN147 .S26 2014.

All written work submitted for SPS courses shall use the method of citing sources, as well as other stylistic conventions, described in that Handbook. For an online summary of SBL [Society of Biblical Literature] style, as well as any suggested interpretations or SOT-approved exceptions, see:

  • The SBL tab on the SPU LibGuide Citations Styles on the Library website.
  • Failure to cite sources, and to cite them in accordance with the official style guide, is considered a breach of the University’s Academic Integrity Policy (see above), and may be penalized accordingly.
  • We will follow the official SPU School of Theology inclusive-language policy as appropriate. For example, a believer in Christ should be referred to in English as “he or she” or, in the plural, as “they.”  But the word for “disciple” in Greek is grammatically masculine and needs to be modified by masculine adjectives, while the word for “church” in Greek is grammatically feminine and needs to be modified by feminine adjectives, even though there are female disciples in the New Testament and even though the church as a group includes male believers.  Snakes are grammatically neuter, whether artists portray them as part-male or part-female.


Information Ethics: The Computer and Information Systems website includes a Computer Acceptable Use Policy, which provides guidelines for the appropriate use of instructional technology, digital media and the Internet. The SPU Library website includes an online video tutorial on Information Ethics, which offers guidance on “how to use various types of information appropriately for papers or projects.” [For guidance on how to cite such resources, please see the SBL Handbook of Style.] Students are expected to heed these guidelines, and faculty are expected to penalize infractions for the same reason, and with the same severity, as they would penalize other infractions of the University’s Academic Integrity Policy (see above).


Course Evaluation:  It is my expectation that you will participate in an online evaluation of this course and its instructor in a thoughtful and constructive manner.  The evaluation data is used to make improvements in the course, and your feedback is considered when selecting textbooks, designing teaching methods and preparing assignments.  Courses are evaluated using the Banner Course Evaluation System.  All answers are completely confidential - your name is not stored with your answers in any way. In addition, your instructor will not see any results of the evaluation until after final grades are submitted to the University.  Remember that you need to turn in the receipt from the Banner Course Evaluation System to receive credit for the Exegesis paper.


Academic Integrity:  The current edition of the SPU Undergraduate Catalog describes the University’s commitment to academic integrity, which is breached by academic dishonesty of various kinds. Among these is turning in another’s work as your own and committing plagiarism, which is the copying of portions of another’s words from a published or electronic source without acknowledgement of that source. The penalty for a breach of academic integrity is a failing grade for the work in question on the first offense and a failing grade for the course as a whole with repeated offenses.  You will be reported to the department chairs or deans.
Disability statement: In accordance with Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 and the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, students with specific disabilities that qualify for academic accommodations should contact Disabled Student Services (DSS) in the Center for Learning. DSS in turn will send a Disability Verification Letter to the course instructor indicating what accommodations have been approved.


Reports of Threats, Crimes and Sexual Misconduct: Seattle Pacific University is committed to providing a safe learning and working environment on campus.  As part of this, university employees are generally required to report information they receive about threats, crimes, and sexual misconduct involving students to the Office of Safety and Security or the university’s Title IX Coordinator. Information that must be reported includes both verbal and written statements (e.g., spoken in class or submitted in a written assignment), whether by a victim or by a third-party.  Types of incidents that must be reported include physical assault (including domestic or dating violence), sex offenses (e.g., rape, sexual assault, sexual harassment), stalking, robbery, burglary, motor vehicle theft, arson, hate crimes, and arrests for weapon, drug, or liquor law violations. If you are a victim of any of the offenses listed above, you are strongly encouraged to report the matter promptly to a professor, the Office of Safety and Security, or the university’s Title IX Coordinator so that the university can offer you support and notify you of available resources.  If you are a victim and would like to speak with someone confidentially, you can arrange to speak with a counselor at the Student Counseling Center or you can make an appointment outside of class with a pastoral counselor.


SPU Emergency Response Information:

  • Report an Emergency or Suspicious Activity: Call the Office of Safety & Security (OSS) at 206-281-2911 to report an emergency or 206-281-2922 for suspicious activity. SPU Security Officers are trained first responders and will immediately be dispatched to your location. If needed, the OSS Dispatcher will contact local fire/police with the exact address of the location of the emergency.
  • Lockdown / Shelter in Place – General Guidance: The University will lock down in response to threats of violence such as a bank robbery or armed intruder on campus. You can assume that all remaining classes and events will be temporarily suspended until the incident is over. Lockdown notifications are sent using the SPU-Alert System as text messages (to people who have provided their cell phone numbers as described below), emails, announcements by Building Emergency Coordinators (BECs), announcements over the outdoor public address system, and electronic reader board messages.
    • If you are in a building at the time of a lockdown:
      • Stay inside unless the building you are in is affected. If it is affected, you should evacuate.
      • Move to a securable area (such as an office or classroom) and lock the doors.
      • Close the window coverings then move away from the windows and get low on the floor.
      • Remain in your secure area until further direction or the all clear is given (this notification will be sent via the SPU-Alert System).
    • If you are unable to enter a building because of a lockdown:
      • Leave the area and seek safe shelter off campus. Remaining in the area of the threat may expose you to further danger.
      • Return to campus after the all clear is given (this notification will be sent via the SPU-Alert System)
    • Evacuation – General Guidance: Students should evacuate the building if the fire alarm sounds or if a faculty member, a staff member, or the SPU-Alert System instructs building occupants to evacuate. In the event of an evacuation, gather your personal belongings quickly and proceed to the nearest exit. Most classrooms contain a wall plaque or poster on or next to the classroom door showing the evacuation route and the assembly site for the building. Do not use the elevator.  Once you have evacuated the building, proceed to the nearest evacuation location. The primary evacuation location for classes in Otto Miller Hall is the parking lot on Nickerson Street. The secondary location is Wallace Field—the baseball field on the other side of the gym. Check in with your instructor or a Building Evacuation Coordinator (they will be easily recognizable by their bright orange vests). During emergencies, give the BEC your full cooperation whenever they issue directions. They will be the first line of contact during an actual emergency and cooperation with them should be immediate and complete. For details on evacuation procedures, see the Stop Think Act booklet, which is attached to the classroom podium and found online at Evacuation locations are listed on p. 14.
    • SPU-Alert System: The SPU-Alert System provides free notification by email and text message during an emergency. Text messaging has proven to be the quickest way to receive an alert about a campus emergency. To receive a text message, update your information through the Banner Information System on the web, Select the Personal Menu then choose the Emergency Alert System. Contact the CIS Help Desk if you have questions concerning entering your personal contact information into the Banner Information System.
    • Additional Information: Additional information about emergency preparedness can be found on the SPU web page at or by calling the Office of Safety & Security at 206-281-2922.

Emergencies, personal:  contact the Office of Student Life, 206-281-2481, or the Queen Anne Helpline, (206) 282-1540

Inclement Weather School Closure Policy:

  • Full Closure: All classes are canceled and all offices are closed. The Library, Campus Dining Services and the Student Union Building will be operational on a limited schedule.
  • Late Start: Indicates that classes begin at 9:30 a.m. and offices open at 9:30 a.m. Classes beginning at 8:00 a.m. and 8:30 a.m. are canceled. All other classes will operate as scheduled. Chapel will be held if planned.
  • For Evening Classes and Events: Allowing for weather changes during the day, a decision will be made by 2:00 p.m. for evening classes and events. Call the Emergency Closure Hotline for the updated information.
  • The Emergency Closure Hotline (206) 281-2800 always provides current and complete information.


Additional resources:













The homework (Hmk #1, etc.) will consist of my own worksheets available on Blackboard; I am putting up PDF versions, but if you need Word versions, let me know.  Note that graduate students have an extra section of homework marked “graduate” on the worksheets.  Extra practice sentences can be found in the online workbook for the course.


Week Monday Wednesday Friday
1 Sep 25 Intro, Chapter 1:  Alphabet and Pronunciation Sep 27 Hmk  #1; Online Quiz #1 before 1 pm; What is Exegesis? Sep 29 Hmk #2; Online Quiz #2; Lord’s Prayer


2 Oct 2 Hmk #3; Online Quiz #3; Chapter 2:  Basic Sentences Oct 4 Hmk #4; Online Quiz #4; How do I find secondary sources?  ATLA, TOCS-IN, JSTOR Oct 6 Hmk #5; Online Quiz #5; Where can one find a good text of the Greek New Testament?
3 Oct 9 Hmk #6; Online Quiz #6; Chapter 3:  Cases and Gender Oct 11 Hmk #7; Online Quiz #7; What does this word really mean?  Lexica! Oct 13 Hmk #8; Online Quiz #8
4 Oct 16 Hmk #9; Online Quiz #9; Chapter 4:  Prepositions Oct 18 Day of Common Learning; NO CLASS Oct 20 Hmk #10; Online Quiz #10; Chapter 5; How do I use the Apparatus Criticus?
5 Oct 23 Hmk #11; Online Quiz #11;  REVIEW Oct 25 MIDTERM Oct 27;  Hmk #12; Online Quiz #12; Chapter 6:  Adjectives
6 Oct 30 Hmk #13; Online Quiz #13; What is background information? Nov 1 Hmk #14; Online Quiz #14 Nov 3 Hmk #15; Online Quiz #15; Chapter 7:  Verb Tenses
7 Nov 6 Hmk #16; Online Quiz #16; How do I use the Apparatus Fontium? Nov 8 Hmk #17; Online Quiz #17; Ex 20:15-20; How do I use the Septuagint? Nov 10 VETERANS’ DAY; REMEMBER THOSE WHO SERVED; NO CLASS
8 Nov 13 Hmk #18; Online Quiz #18; Chapter 8:  Verb Moods Nov 15 Hmk #19; Online Quiz #19; paper-writing check-in Nov 17 Hmk #20; Online Quiz #20
9 Nov 20 Hmk #21; Online Quiz #21 Chapter 9:  Other Patterns of Nouns and Verbs Nov 22 THANKSGIVING; rough draft of Exegesis paper due; NO CLASS Nov 24 THANKSGIVING; NO CLASS
10 Nov 27 Hmk #22; Online Quiz #22; paper revision discussion; Chapter 10 Nov 29 Hmk #23; Online Quiz #23 Dec 1 REVIEW
11 FINAL EXAM on Tuesday, Dec. 5th, 1-3 pm, in Bertona 2 Dec. 8 Final draft of exegesis paper due